On 31st August 1907 General Baden-Powell led an experimental camp held at Brownsea Island, off Poole, in Dorset. It involved activities based around camping, observation, woodcraft, chivalry, life saving and patriotism. This event gave birth to the now worldwide Scout Movement.

The first recognized overseas unit in a country controlled by the United Kingdom was chartered in Gibraltar with the establishment of the 1st Gibraltar Patrol on 27 March 1908.

This first Patrol grew into a Boy Scout Troop made up of four such Patrols. The Troop duly registered itself as the 1st Troop and was fortunate to later obtain the patronage of the then Prince Louis of Battenberg, who subsequently changed his title to that of the Marquis of Milford Haven and whose Coat of Arms is still worn on the scarves of the Troop today.

A 2nd Troop was founded in Gibraltar in August 1910, and 1910 also saw the appointment of Major O H Pedley OBE JP as the first Boy Scout Commissioner until his passing away in 1937. In addition to having a Commissioner, the Governor has held the position of Chief Scout of Gibraltar continuously since 1910.

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The 3rd and 4th Scout Troops were formed in 1913 when the Boys Brigade was disbanded locally and their Officers and Boys transferred into the Boy Scout Movement.

Further growths in the number of Scouts resulted in the 5th Troop being founded in 1914 as a Sea Scout Troop.

During the Great War Gibraltarʼs Boy Scouts rendered valuable services as messengers, signallers, assisted in the manning of lookouts and even helped with the handling of war casualties who were landed in Gibraltar for further medical treatment. A good number of older Boy Scouts joined the Gibraltar Volunteer Corps and this even resulted in the Scout masters of the 3rd and 4th Troops being commissioned as Officers in the Corps.

After the Great War Scouting in Gibraltar continued to flourish and this eventually led to the formation of the 6th and 7th Groups with these two being made up entirely of Wolf Cubs.

Asa result of the evacuation of women and children from Gibraltar at the outbreak of the Second World War, Gibraltarian Scouts formed their Troops in London and one in Jamaica. Meanwhile, two Service Rover Scout Crews were active in Gibraltar itself with the then Governor, General McFarlane, being an active supporter of the Crews. History records that the Service Rover Scout Crews per formed very valuable services in Gibraltar throughout the duration of the War.

The return of Gibraltarʼs evacuees as from 1944 saw the local Boy Scout Movement take on much of its former enthusiasm, and by 1946 Scouting was stronger than ever with regular Scouting activities taking place within the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Groups.

During the next few years the 1st Group amalgamated with the 4th, the 3rd Group became a Sea Scout Group and a new 8th Gibraltar Air Scout Group was formed.

Since the commencement of Scouting in Gibraltar more than 100 years ago, the Gibraltar Branch has been represented in eleven World Scout Jamborees, and numerous other International Scout Camps.

The last major International outing took place in 2019 with Gibraltar being represented at the 24th World Scout Jamboree in West Virginia, USA.

The Scouts celebrated its 100th anniversary with a parade along Main Street and received the Freedom of the City of Gibraltar on the 2nd October 2008.